Public Education

Screenshot (1)Heart DiseaseScreenshot (3)    Prevention

    Heart Disease is the #1 killer in women.  Yet, only 1 in 5 American women believe that heart disease is her greatest health threat.  Women are less likely to call

9-1-1 when experiencing symptoms of a heart attack themselves.  It’s time to focus on finding, and becoming the solution!


Unsettling Facts  

  • Heart disease causes 1 in 3 women’s deaths each year, killing approximately one woman every minute.  1in 31 American women die from breast cancer each year.
  • 90% of women have 1 or more risk factors for developing heart disease.  
  • Since 1984, more women than men have died each year from heart disease and the gap between men and women’s survival continues to widen.  
  • The symptoms of heart disease can be different in women vs.  men and are often misunderstood.  


Causes of Heart Disease

Heart Disease affects the blood vessels and cardiovascular system.  Numerous problems can result from this, many of which are related to a process called atherosclerosis, a condition that develops when plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries.  This buildup narrows the arteries, making it harder for blood to flow through.  If a blood clot forms, it can stop the blood flow.  This can cause a heart attack or stroke.  


  • Heart failure of congestive heart failure, which means that the heart is still working, but it isn’t pumping blood as well as it should, or getting enough oxygen.
  • Arrhythmia or an abnormal rhythm of the heart, which means the heart is either beating too fast, too slow, or irregularly.  This can affect how well the heart is functioning and whether or not the heart is able to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs.
  • Heart valve problems can lead to the heart not opening enough to allow proper blood flow.  Sometimes the heart valves don’t close and blood leaks through, or the valve leaflets bulge or prolapse into the upper chamber, causing blood to flow backward through them.  



Many things can put you at risk for these problems – one’s you can control, and others you can’t. With the right information, education and care, heart disease in women can be treated, prevented and even ended.  Studies show that healthy choices have resulted in 330 fewer women dying from heart disease per day.  Here are a few lifestyle changes you should make:  

Don’t Smoke!

Manage your blood sugar!

Lower your cholesterol!

Know your family history!

Stay active! Lose weight!

Eat healthy!                                       

 Get your blood pressure under control!


The ability to identify the signs/ symptoms of a stroke is crucial in order to help a loved one get the right care. Time is everything when dealing with a stroke patient. As an Emergency Medical Service department we like to educate you on very simple sign(s) that will help you identify what a stroke is. A stroke occurs when blood flow is cut off to an area of the brain, depriving it of oxygen and glucose. Long term effects could result in permanent brain damage or even death. This is why it is important to recognize this illness as soon as possible. One very easy way to identify this illness is through the mnemonic FAST.


Facial drooping

Arm weakness

Speech slurring / difficulty



In order to recognize facial drooping simply ask your loved one to smile. Look to see if their smile is uneven. If so, proceed to test arm weakness. Ask your loved one to close their eyes and raise both their arm out in front of them and hold them in place. Take note of any weakness such as one arm drifting lower than the other or an inability to lift or hold. The next test is slurred speech: ask your loved one to say “ The sky is blue in Cincinnati.” Note any unusual slurring in their speech. If any of these 3 are present, It is time to call 9-1-1. These very simple step allow you to present the right information to the dispatcher when an emergency call is placed. Up to 80% of strokes can be recognized and prevented. Knowledge is key. Help save a loved one’s life by arming yourself with stroke prevention knowledge and taking the time to learn FAST.


In medical emergencies you are faced with the decision of driving or calling for an ambulance. This decision may well be one of life and death.  If you feel that you are too sick, hurt or concerned about your loved one to drive then please call 911 for an ambulance. The ambulance will by far be the safest way to get to the care you or your loved one needs.

But how do you know if it is a true emergency?

The American College of Emergency Physicians recommends you ask yourself these questions:

  1. Does the condition seem life threatening?
  2. Could it get worse if I drive to the hospital?
  3. If you move or try to move the person will it cause more harm?

An ambulance is more than just a fast ride to the hospital EMT’s or Paramedics can provide lifesaving or pain reliving care to you or your loved one. They can inform the hospital enroute to your condition so the hospital can provide the best care upon your arrival.

Non-emergency transports to the hospital may cause unnecessary delays to the system which in turn can affect the ambulances ability to quickly respond to a true emergency.

If you do call an ambulance:

  • Speak slowly, calmly and clearly.
  • Give the patient’s name, the address and phone number. If you’re on the road, note the street or highway you’re on and the direction you’re traveling.
  • Briefly describe what’s going on and when the problem started.
  • Don’t hang up until you’re sure the dispatcher has all the information she needs and that you’ve followed any instructions she’s given you.
  • Organize your medical information. List the names and contact info for your regular doctors, chronic conditions such as diabetes or asthma, surgeries and hospitalizations, and medications. Keep copies at home, in your car and in your wallet.

Remember 911 is for emergencies. So please save 911 for the true emergencies.